What Refrigerant Does My AC Use?

You’re not alone if you’re wondering what refrigerant your air conditioning (AC) system uses.  Many homeowners are curious about the type of refrigerant in their AC units and the options  available to them. In this blog, we’ll answer some common questions related to AC refrigerants. 

What Is Refrigerant? 

Refrigerant is a substance used in AC systems to cool and dehumidify the air. It absorbs heat from inside your home and transfers it outside, allowing your AC to maintain a comfortable indoor temperature. 

What Refrigerant Does My AC Use? 

The type of refrigerant your AC uses depends on the age of  your system. Older AC units may use R-22 refrigerant (also known as Freon), while newer  models typically use R-410A. You can find out what refrigerant your AC uses by checking the  unit’s nameplate or consulting with an HVAC professional. 

Can You Still Buy an R-22 Refrigerant? 

R-22 refrigerant is being phased out due to its harmful impact on the environment. As of 2020, the production and import of R-22 refrigerant has been banned in the United States. While you may still be able to purchase R-22 from existing stocks, the cost of the refrigerant has been increasing as supplies dwindle. 

What Will Replace R-410A Refrigerant? 

R-410A refrigerant is also being phased out due to its impact on the environment. Its replacement is R-32, a refrigerant that has a lower global warming potential (GWP) and is more energy efficient. R-32 is already being used in some newer AC models, and it’s expected to become the industry standard in the coming years. 

Can You Replace R-22 with Another Refrigerant?

While it’s possible to retrofit an AC unit that uses R-22 with a substitute refrigerant, it’s not recommended. Substitutes can be less efficient and may not be compatible with your AC system, potentially leading to costly repairs or replacements down the line. If your AC unit is leaking refrigerant, it’s best to replace the entire system with a newer, more efficient model. 

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How Much Does Refrigerant Cost? 

The cost of refrigerant can vary depending on the type and the location. As R-22 becomes scarcer, its cost has been increasing, with prices ranging from $200 to $300 per pound. R-410A is currently less expensive than R-22, with prices ranging from  $75 to $150 per pound. 

Can You Recharge Your Home AC Yourself? 

While it’s possible to purchase refrigerant and recharge your AC system yourself, it’s not recommended. Recharging an AC unit requires specialized tools and knowledge, and if done improperly, it can lead to leaks or other issues that can damage your system. 

In Conclusion, knowing what refrigerant your AC unit uses and its replacement options can help you make informed decisions about your HVAC system. If you have any questions or concerns about your AC unit’s refrigerant, it’s best to consult with an HVAC professional. Stay Cool 

Climate Control, serving O’Fallon, Missouri, and the surrounding areas, can help you with all your AC needs. Contact us today to schedule a consultation.

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